When Does Adolescence Actually Start and End?
July 15, 2019 Posted by: Sai Siva Childrens Hospital 342 Views RSS
Adolescence is the transitional period appears between child to adult stage. In this adolescence phase, we can see the sexual and physical maturation, and also many hormonal changes in the body. The period may appear from 10 to 19 years.
Some teenagers have signs of maturity sooner or later than others. Every girl or boy has different time of growth and has changes differently. Adolescence brings many changes not only physically but also psychologically and socially.
Teenagers Need Recognizing Adolescence phase
Many changes can occur when teenagers start to struggle for independence and control. Puberty is a period with special needs and rights for health and development. It is also time to develop knowledge and skills, to learn how to deal with emotions and relationships, and to acquire skills and abilities that are important to enjoy adolescence and the role of adults.
In many cases, the growth trend leads to changes in the severity of the disease between children and adults; for example, increase in the age of sexual and reproductive health problems, mental illness and injury. The occurrence of several health problems related to adolescents, including substance abuse, mental disorders and injuries, tends to reflect biological changes in adolescence and the social context in which young people grow.
Many behaviours related to health that occur during adolescence have implications for health and development now and in the future. For example, in early adolescence, alcohol consumption and obesity not only affected adolescent development but also predicted alcohol abuse and obesity at a later stage of life, with serious consequences for public health.
Adolescence Requires Parental Care
It is not an easy task to raise a kid. Educating and supporting them until they settle with employment that satiates them is another dimension and is relatively less cumbersome. Providing care and support to our children going through the tunnel of adolescence from the adolescent stage to adulthood is a hefty burden.
However, it is this phase that dictates the rest of their lives. The phase of adolescence lasts typically from age 13 to 21, not a short period, and required a lot of patience, guidance, and self-control both from children and their parents.
We all might have gone through the adolescent stage and have experienced someone we knew going through the phase, so we all have a brief idea of what adolescence brings about. The entire phase of adolescence is new to those who experience it and to a parent or a teacher or a doctor.
It is upon their shoulders to let the kids know what they are experiencing is quite normal and support in the form of counselling and advice needs to be given to make sure that they don’t drift away.
In this article, we are going to explain in detail the changes that happen to a child during adolescence stage and various sub-stages involved, the specialist who deals with issues that emanate during this stage, and the issues one can experience while going through the adolescent stage.
How Is Adolescence Defined
Puberty commonly depicts the years between ages 13 and 19, exciting times of life. This is seen as a transitional stage from childhood to adulthood. Physical and psychological changes such as appearance, increase in height, reproductive maturity, outlook towards life, etc. All these changes which happen during puberty also can begin prior, during the preteen or “tween” years (ages 9 through 12).
Adolescence can be seen as a period of both disorientation and process of sighting or learning the existence of something for the first time. This transitional period can bring up issues of independence and self-personality; Most of the teenagers and their companions face extreme decisions concerning school, sexuality, drugs, alcohol, and social life regards to companion gatherings, romantic interests.
Young age is challenging for teens and their parents alike. Self-esteem is another factor brought about by adolescence. Self-esteem is affected by success in school, sports, and friendship. Individuals during this stage of life tend to compare themselves with their peers and form misconceptions about their body image. They are easily influenced by TV, magazines, and social media in particular. They have a hard time differentiating what is good for them and what is not.
In teenage, the following four basic areas of development can be seen:
- Physical development
- Cognitive development
- Emotional and social development
- Sensory and motor development
Do you have any questions about this Adolescent growth and common problems among teenagers?
Call now our Adolescent Specialist of Sai Shiva Children Hospital.
Stages of Adolescence:
Adolescence is the transition period of physical and psychological development between childhood and maturity. Such development includes enormous changes in the body and how a youngster sees the world.
During this time, changes related to physical appearance, sexual, cognitive, social, and emotional changes happen that bring about expectation and anxiety for both children and their families. Understanding what to expect at various stages can promote healthy development throughout adolescence and into early adulthood.
Early Adolescence (Ages 10 to 13)
During this stage, children begin to develop all the more quickly. Additionally start to see other body changes, including hair development under the arms and near the genitals, breast development in females, and enlargement of testicles in males.
Changes brought about by adolescence can be seen earlier in girls (usually start a year or two in advance) than in boys. Typically, changes begin at age 8 for females and age 9 for males. Most of the girls after 2-to-3 years of breast development, experience menstruation at around age 12.
Early youths have solid, high contrast thinking. They cannot differentiate between right and wrong. People at this age think about themselves, inability to differentiate between self and other termed as Egocentrism, and it is quite normal. So, they often are self-conscious about their appearance and feel as though their peers are judging them based on their appearance.
Pre-adolescents feel an increasing need for privacy. They may begin to investigate methods for being free from their family or live independently. In this procedure, they may push limits and may respond strongly if parents object to it.
Middle Adolescence (Ages 14 to 17)
During the middle adolescence, physical changes from puberty continue. Most males will have begun their development spurt, and puberty-related changes proceed. They may have some voice cracking, while some develop acne. Physical changes for female come to near completion, and most girls now have regular periods.
At this age, numerous adolescents show interest in sexual relationships. They may address and investigate their sexual identity, which might be stressful if they don’t have support from friends, family, and teachers. Another regular method for exploring sex and sexuality for adolescents of all genders is self-stimulation, otherwise called masturbation.
Many in this age bracket tend to get into arguments and fights with parents frequently as they want freedom and want to live independently. They won’t spend time with family and try to spend more time with friends. They are very worried about their appearance, and drawing comparisons with their friends may peak at this age.
The brain undergoes many changes in terms of developments the body is undergoing at this stage. The frontal lobe matures slowly and undergoes complete development in the 20s. These frontal lobes play an important role in coordinating complex decision making, impulse control, and being able to consider multiple options and consequences.
Late Adolescents (Ages 18-21)
In late adolescence, the physical development attains completion, and they have now attained full adult height. At this age, they can control motivation and might be better able to measure dangers and rewards accurately.
Teenagers entering early adulthood have a stronger sense of their uniqueness now and can distinguish their very own qualities. They may turn out to be more focused on their future, and their choices rely predominantly on their expectations and standards.
If there are any issues with growth or any other adolescent-related problems, it is strongly suggested to meet an Adolescent Health Specialist.
Who is an Adolescent Health Specialist?
An Adolescent Health Specialist attends to children between the ages of 11 and 21 years. They treat problems related to the growth of a child and those related to the transition process from childhood to adulthood.
They are trained medical doctors who have completed at least 6 years of medical training and 3 years of general paediatrics training, family practice, or internal medicine residency training. Paediatricians have special fellowship training in treating adolescents.
When should you meet an Adolescent Health Specialist?
You might want to meet our expert doctors at Sai Siva Children’s Hospital, if you have questions or concerns about the physical or emotional health of your children, such as:
- Delayed growth
- Changes in appetite
- Body image problems
- Behaviour changes
- Skipping school or other problems with school
- Alcohol, tobacco, or drug use
Also, do consult a doctor if you notice any untoward changes emanating from your child’s friendships or relationships.
Treatments provided by Adolescent Health Specialists
An Adolescent Health Specialist provides comprehensive care and treatment for a variety of problems in adolescents and young adults, such as:
- Physical changes
- Growth of breasts
- Menstrual cycle in girls
- Body hair growth
- Emotional and behavioural changes
- Peer pressure
- General health issues
- Primary health care and counseling
- Eating Disorder
- Menstrual problems
- Mental health
- Acne problems
- Other puberty problems
- Reproductive health care and counseling
- Chronic illness management
According to individual state law about adolescents and confidentiality, reproductive and mental health problems should be assessed and treated confidentially.
Where Can I Find An Adolescent Health Specialist?
Our hospital houses a team of well-experienced and dedicated Adolescent Health Specialists. So, if you wish to have any of your concerns regarding your child’s growth heard and responded to appropriately, contact our hospital at Sai Siva Children’s Hospital. We provide the best doctors who have been practising adolescent medicine for more than a decade now.
- Physical changes
- Neurodevelopmental changes
- Psychological and social changes
Teenagers need to understand and recognise these changes to prevent diseases and disorders and changes that may affect their health and behaviour.
At Sai Siva Children’s Hospital, we offer a range of treatments to help your child have a happy transition phase from adolescence to adulthood. We provide the best care for your teens and young adults.
Adolescent Health Specialists at our hospital are well-versed with the art of examining, treating, and consoling adolescents in a way that puts them at ease. They are also trained to mediate and help improve the communication between youth and their families. It is better to contact an adolescent health specialist rather than pediatric to address issues related to the transition phase.
Speak to our Adolescent Specialists today!
As detailed extensively, the transition phase from adolescence to adulthood is not easy, yet not too difficult to pass through. This, so-called, ‘delicate phase’ needs proper monitoring by the parents and attentive care from a well-experienced and well-qualified Adolescent Health Specialist.
Strict observation and monitoring of the activities of a child can elicit untoward changes from the accepted changes a child undergoes during the transition phase, as mentioned in great detail above. It is also important to note that a Paediatrician is not qualified enough to handle issues emanating during the transition phase.
A Paediatrician offers treatment for health issues of our children, whereas an Adolescent Health Specialist has the necessary qualifications and skills to handle situations about the transition phase.
To know more about how an Adolescent Health Specialist works and to know more about changes and care to be taken towards adolescents, please schedule an appointment with us at Sai Siva Children’s Hospital.
About The Hospital:
Sai Siva Children’s Hospital, Chanda Nagar, is a full-fledged medical facility specially designed for pediatric patients as well as young adults. The hospital was started in the year 2008, with the aim of reaching out to schools and villages to educate the middle and high school students about health & hygiene. Sai Siva Children’s Hospital is one of the most sought-after children’s hospitals in Hyderabad with a team of experienced doctors and skilled staff who aim to help your child have healthy growth and development. We believe that children today are the future of our world, and must have good health to make the world a better place to live in.
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