Vaccination Associated Complications
- April 3, 2019 Posted by: Sai Siva Childrens Hospital 180 Views RSS
A vaccine is a preventive medication given to people to help their bodies improve in immunity to protect them from a specific disease. Vaccines keep you away from life threatening illnesses by making the antibodies against the disease. Many of the vaccines given to people are to prevent them from diseases that are very dangerous and many times deadly.
Just like any medication, vaccine keeps you safe from many infectious diseases. All vaccines can cause some potential side effects in some people, but the reality is that most side effects tend to be mild and don’t last long. In most cases, vaccine side effects are minimal and self limiting and vary according to the type of vaccine.
Common vaccine side effects
The benefits associated with the vaccination overweights the risks associated with it. However, vaccination is a must for the children and infants and are given vaccinations when their certain health conditions begin and become apparent to both parent and doctor. The following are the common side effects of any vaccine:
- Injection site reactions including pain, swelling and redness
- Small, hard lump (nodule) at the injection site
- Mild to High grade fever
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Seizures due to high grade fever
Rare vaccine side effects
Sometimes, you may experience a serious reaction after immunisation which can be an unexpected symptom or sign associated with the immunisation. That’s Why you are always advised at stay for 15 minutes at the clinic following the vaccination to check whether any further treatment is required.
Anaphylaxis is a severe life-threatening allergic reaction that can attack (fewer than one in a million people following the vaccination. It results from caused by an overreaction of the immune system. Anaphylactic shock can be treated completely if treated early. During anaphylaxis, you may experience certain unusual symptoms including:
- Itchy rash
- Throat or tongue swelling
- Shortness of breath
- Low blood pressure.
Fever seizures are quite common children. These are also identified as febrile seizures and most medical professionals actually refer to these as fever convulsions. This seizure may last for one or two minutes. It might be frightening but usually causes no permanent harm or has lasting effects. It is caused when your child’s fever rises quickly. During fever seizures, you may experience certain symptoms including:
- Shaking and twitching all over the body
- Losing bowel or bladder control
- Bleeding tongue or mouth from biting down
Bowel blockage (intussusception)
Bowel blockage following the vaccination is very uncommon. This may occur within seven days following the first and second dose of vaccine. This is a rare complication associated with vaccination that they happen about 1 in 17,000 babies.
Serious reactions associated with vaccines are very rare. Call your healthcare provider, if you find any unusual symptoms in your child following the vaccination.
These unusual symptoms may include:
- Unusual sleepiness
- A fever above 40°C (104°F)
- Crying or fussing for more than 24 hours
- Worsening swelling where the needle went in
If you see any of these symptoms, talk to your child’s doctor provider right away.
Reasons why so many children are having adverse reactions to vaccines
Vaccines are safe, effective, and necessary for every child. Vaccination has a lot of invisible benefits. If you say no to vaccination, it may put your child or the community at risk of catching certain life-threatening diseases.
Vaccination keeps your child safe from debilitating diseases now and in future too. They are much safer in almost all cases.
Vaccines contain adjuvants to stabilize the vaccine strain in polyvalent vaccines, most of the side effects are due to these chemical adjuvants the following are some of adjuvants:
- Aluminium hydroxide
- Hydrolyzed gelatin
- Polysorbate 80
Most common vaccines:
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis A
Always Report vaccine side effects
Report any strange or serious side effects that your child may suffer following the vaccination to the baby and toddler clinic and Family Centre. They will collect and analyses reports of adverse reactions to medicines. Always consult your family doctor if you are concerned about your child symptoms including redness, swelling or tenderness in the injected area, fever and sluggishness. Signs of a serious allergic reaction include:
- Swelling of the face
- Breathing problems (wheezing)
- Blotchy skin on the body (hives)
Just like any other medication, vaccines are continually monitored for safety with certain side effects. However, a decision not to immunize might keep your child at a risk and could put the child and others coming into contact at the risk of contracting a potentially deadly disease.
About The Hospital:
Sai Siva Children’s Hospital, Chanda Nagar, is a full-fledged medical facility specially designed for pediatric patients as well as young adults. The hospital was started in the year 2008, with the aim of reaching out to schools and villages to educate the middle and high school students about health & hygiene. Sai Siva Children’s Hospital is one of the most sought-after children’s hospitals in Hyderabad with a team of experienced doctors and skilled staff who aim to help your child have healthy growth and development. We believe that children today are the future of our world, and must have good health to make the world a better place to live in.
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